Carnation garden Shabo
People are always pleased to receive flowers as a gift. Giving flowers is even nicer, but if you grow them to decorate a summer house or garden, it is always a little pity to cut them. The harmony of a planned flower garden can be broken due to the frequent cutting of tulips, daffodils or summer flowers. Another thing is a bed of various cut flowers specially laid in the depths of the garden. You can choose a set of flower cultures, taking into account the birthdays of loved ones, family dates and holidays, and perhaps the timing of the flowering of their pets will coincide with the holidays.
A very good cut gives clove garden Shabo. All summer, from late June to late autumn, until low temperatures are established, its flowering lasts. This plant is of hybrid origin, obtained at the beginning of the 19th century in France by the Toulon pharmacist Chabot and has since been named after him.
Carnation Garden Group Shabo (Dianthus caryophyllus var. Chabaud) - a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean, in our climate is grown in the culture of the summer.
Description of clove garden shabo
Clove Shabo reaches a height of 40-60 cm, forms a sprawling bush and gives up to 35 flower shoots. Rounded and knotty, they are covered with dark green leaves with a bluish bloom. Flowers are large, with a diameter of 5-8 cm, in modern varieties with 100% terry. Petals of flowers of different shapes - folded or corrugated, the edges are serrated or deeply dissected.
The color of the flowers of the clove Shabo is very diverse - white, yellow, different shades of pink and red to purple and two-tone. The flower stalk height is from 25 to 35 cm. Each one has a vase for such a carnation, in contrast to a Dutch forcing carnation with a broken harmony between the diameter of the flower and the excessively long peduncle. For a clove, a floor vase is required, which is not in every house, and the price of a flower in the complete absence of aroma is directly dependent on the length of the peduncle.
Growing at home
Planting Carnations Garden Shabo
From sowing to blooming cloves Shabo should take up to 6 months, so the optimal timing for sowing clove seeds is December-February (until February 8). Beginners are advised to purchase a varietal mixture in order to have an idea of the variety of shapes and colors of the flower. In 1 gram 600 pieces of seeds, 450 seedlings can be grown from them, so use a cheaper packaging with a lower weight when buying - for the first experiment grow 10-16 plants.
For sowing Shabo cloves, use well-developed garden soil, to which it is advisable to add turf land (2 parts of turf, 2 parts of greenhouse or garden, 1 part of sand), porous and rich in basic nutrients. Lay the seeds on a sifted and well-spilled layer of earth, and sprinkle them with a thin layer of sand (preferably calcined), compact with a small tamper. At a temperature of 16..18 ° C, Shabo clove seeds germinate on the 5-8th day.
After emergence, seedlings of cloves Shabo must be moved to a well-lit cool place with a temperature of 12 °, watering should be scarce. If there are foci of mass wilting, remove dead seedlings, and sprinkle these areas with sand or activated charcoal. In low light conditions, humidification for seedlings is dangerous!
Pick of Shabo clove seedlings
At the stage of two real leaves, the first picking of seedlings is carried out (a mixture of land, as for sowing), placing plants at a distance of 4 cm in a row and 4 cm between rows. The second pick is carried out in April. Plants are placed one at a time in a separate peat-cellulose pot or in another container, without deepening the root neck. Each pick stimulates the plant to active growth and development, as if it wakes up from hibernation and begins to change before our eyes.
Seedling care and planting in open ground
If a lighter, green color appears at the growth points and at the base of the leaves of Shabo cloves, it is necessary to fertilize the seedlings with nitrogen fertilizer, for example, to process with a 0.1% solution of ammonium nitrate on the leaves (foliar feeding). In phase 5 pairs of leaves, pinch the growth point, this will allow the cloves to form a good bush with a lot of flower-bearing shoots.
Like all other seedlings, Shabo cloves need to be tempered in hotbeds or on a terrace, it is cold-resistant and not afraid of frost, its first planted in the ground. If the weather permits, immediately after the May holidays (May 9), it can be planted in the ground, giving a food area less than usual - 25 × 25 cm (for better cutting) at the rate of 16 plants per 1 sq.m.
It is very important during planting not to disturb the lump of land with roots. A hole dug in the ground should ideally fit the volume of a coma well spilled, the ground levels should match. When deepening the root neck of the clove, Shabo poorly takes root and slowly grows.
Gardening Carnation Shabo
Starting from budding, with the appearance of the first flower-bearing shoots and until late autumn, they carry out the clinging of Shabo cloves. All buds and shoots are removed (broken out) from the leaf axils (up to the 6th knot), then the remaining central bud will develop into a large beautiful flower.
Topping cloves Shabo in the soil is carried out with an interval of 2 weeks, begin the countdown from the date of planting. Like all flyers, cloves do not like fresh organic fertilizers, preferring only well-rotted organic and mineral fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers (4-5 g per 1 sq.m) should be added together with potash fertilizers (4-5 g per 1 sq.m). This will help to avoid cracking the calyx and excessive fragility of the shoots.
To extend the life of the flower in the cut, the peduncle breaks off under the sixth knot in the half-opened phase of the bud in the early morning or evening. The bouquet can wait for delivery without loss of external freshness and aroma at a temperature of 10..12 ° C for more than 3 days.
In autumn, when frosts approach, the Shabo clove can be transferred with a lump of earth to a heated greenhouse or transplanted into pots, brought into a house or on a terrace, while flowering will last for another 2 months.
Shanking of cloves Shabo
Plants you like with 100% terry, beautiful color and flower shape can be saved as uterine for spring cuttings. To do this, the plant is pruned and supported throughout its winter life, restricting it to “eating and drinking,” and only in the spring they begin to water, feed and lighten, stimulating the growth of cuttings.
In April, cuttings are broken off at Shabo cloves, and after making an oblique cut in the internodes, they are placed in moist perlite or sand, to preserve moisture, the cuttings are covered with a special cap or plastic bag.
Clove Shabo, grown from cuttings, does not bloom as abundantly as grown from seeds, outwardly it has noticeably less vitality (shoot thickness, leaf size), but its cut quality is also good. Combining the two methods of producing seedlings, you can maintain your favorite varieties for several years.
Having received the first cut from your site and inhaling the aroma of this flower, you will understand that all the work is justified. You will not find Shabo's carnation in urban landscaping and in flowerbeds in the park (it does not create a color spot), it disappeared in the botanical gardens of our strip, as it does not produce seeds, and maintaining a large number of varieties by cuttings requires considerable expenses. Only hardworking hands of flower lovers can grow this wonderful plant in their flower garden!